Article examines frames and stereotypes in burkini coverage

Burkini in Milan, Italy Credit: By Giorgio Montersino, CC BY-SA 2.0,

Personal Choice or Political Provocation: Examining the Visual Framing and Stereotyping of the Burkini Debate” was published in the winter 2019 Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly.

The burkini, a modest swimsuit marketed to Muslim women, was at the center of controversy in France when it was banned from the beaches in dozens of cities. This research examines how the three leading international newswires (Agence France-Presse/Getty Images, Associated Press, and Reuters) visually framed this debate and whether they visually stereotyped women wearing the burkini.

Brian J. Bowe and Joe Gosen of Western Washington University and Shahira Fahmy, University of Arizona-Tucson and The American University in Cairo.

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